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Quality control during concrete construction

Previously we have writen an article about Laser screed machine how to distinct its purchasability , now we will tell about quality control during concrete construction.

Quality control during concrete construction have 20 steps in this article.

1 Setting level line at the side of the wall: as laser screed machine can’t touch the wall, area where is 200-300mm away from the wall should be leveled by manual work. So level line is need to be settled as reference of artificial leveling. Meanwhile, set 2-3 undisturbed level lines (floor scale height ±0.0) at one time during construction, the level lines should be set to allow workers to see the other when work on one of them. Precision of level line is ±0.1mm.

2 Setting template( steel template, the position is in accordance with design requirement) along stand column, so as to form separation seam. Top scale height of template should between +0 and -0.2mm, in case that flatness and levelness at joint is affected.

3 Install construction joint template along the area where is going to be poured( steel template is suggested), holes of 300mm space should be reserved, in order to plug in dowel steel. Top scale height of template should between +0mm and -2mm, in case that joint between different carbins occurs large deviation.

4 Setting polystyrene sheet (thickness about 5mm) along wall, equipment foundation and stand column, to reserve separation joint and avoid craze of concrete floor.

5 Smearing oil on template

6 Placement of laser emitter: it should be placed on column. Detailed position should be decided according to concrete placing quantity. If placement on column can not be accomplished, then it should be placed on special triangle.

laser screed
laser screed

7) Transporting concrete to the site: transportation speed of concrete should be at less 60m3/hour with even speed, pause interval should be decreased, to avoid cold junction. If pause interval is more than 45 minutes, there should be settled a construction joint and constant construction is not suggested.

8 To guarantee quality of concrete floor to be poured, there should be 8-10 workers in each group to cooperate with each other, push aside surface of concrete which is placed on floor and make them smooth, make the piled material a little higher (about 10mm) than designed scale height. Meanwhile arrange 2 workers around wall, outcrop pipeline and template to trowel  (use darby slicker of 2m and plasterer’s trowel) concrete 20 cm away around them. Workers who are in charge of troweling must be skillful plasterer.

9 As thickness of concrete reaches to 350mm, bistratal and bidirectional bar-mat reinforcement are set, to guarantee close-grained of concrete vibratory, this project requires for a vibrating needle to conduct vibration.

10 Width of concrete material poured on platform each time should be no less than 6m, its length is decided by boarder of template. Construction direction from left to right (along short side direction), from front to back (along long side direction). Placing and pouring quantity is suggested to be 1500-2000m2. Use groove profile trowel to trowel the site quarterly after leveling through concrete laser screed machine.

laser screed
laser screed

11 After initial condensation. Use trowel machine (equipped with circular plate) to construct the site when footprint stepped by a person is 3mm deep, twist mortar on the surface equably, then use leveling trowel with a length of 3m to striking ridgy concrete surface (specially area where is around the part troweled by worker) in some area, at last, equably bestrew two thirds of metal aggregate wear-resisting flooring hardener on compacted concrete surface.   

12 As hardener bestrewed by man hand may not equably, leveling trowel is needed to be used to trowel hardener material and then use trowel machine (circular plate) to press it into concrete. Then bestrew the remaining one third hardener. Then use leveling trowel to conduct partial maintenance.

13 Use circular trowel machine to finish the construction site lengthways and athwartships twice. 

14 At last use trowel blade on trowel machine to conduct repairing work on the surface, for edges (such as side of wall) where trowel machine can not touch to, labor is require to do the repairing.  

15 Maintenance. For floor where seal solidification agent is not required, curing agent is suggested to be used for maintenance. For floor where other surface coating (such as epikote) is required in the future, the surface is not recommended to use hardener, in case that effect of surface will be effected. Concrete floor which is just constructed mustn’t bare to environment that is adverse to maintenance of concrete such as sunshine, wind and rain.

laser screed
laser screed

16 Template removal ( including template around stand column), please note that do not damage the corner.

17 Cutting control joint: cutting in accordance with designed space and depth requirements. If no requirements for design, keep 6m distance during cutting is suggested(if there is designed requirements, take is as criterion), cutting should be conducted in the best cutting time( within 24 hours without breaking concrete surface). To avoid inconformity of surface color, sewage should be collected (through cleaner) immediately after cutting.

18 Clean polystyrene filler strip along wall, fill it with polyurethane after 28 days.

19 All cutting joints and construction joints are filled with polyurethane after 28 days. Pour concrete to template of stand column.

20 Ensure that concrete supply speed reaches to 60m3 per hour or more, and initial condensation time of each batch of concrete should be the same.

if you want to know more about construction of concrete by laser screed, please refer to Laser screed flooring one-stop concrete construction technology .

Two methods for construction site management of superflat floor

We have introduced Laser screed flooring advantages on floor with a large area in previous article. Details please refer to features of concrete laser screed flooring. In later articles we will continue to introduce you more knowledge about this topic, today we will introduce method for construction site management method of superflat floor.

In order to better accomplish each construction of large floor, comprehensive settlement and management of large-area floor construction, fundamentally avoid wrong operation construction situation in application of laser screed construction technology. Referring to method for construction site management of superflat floor, it can be accomplished through the following aspects:

Construction-site-settlement-and-management-of-superflat-floor
Construction-site-settlement-and-management-of-superflat-floor

Elimination of obstacles in construction site management of superflat floor.

In practical construction, all obstacles such as kennel, rubbish and telecommunication line in construction area is required to be eliminated, high-tension line and telecommunication shall be moved if approved by relevant departments, if there is any obstacle that can not be moved or dismantled, then constructor should execute adjustment or avoidance.

Measurement of construction site management of superflat floor

Measurement in site. Before carrying out large area floor construction, each control point shall be measured and detected in accordance with requirements of construction and owner, level point and horizontal control point is required to be measured after each coordinate point and altimetric point are determined, ensure each construction parameter in accordance with construction design.

Above is detailed method for construction site settlement and management of superflat floor, we will continue to discuss this topic in later articles. If you want to know more about concrete laser screed machine, please fell free to contact us in any time.

Construction-site-settlement-and-management-of-superflat-floor
Construction-site-settlement-and-management-of-superflat-floor

Laser screed flooring advantages on floor with a large area

Laser screed flooring advantages on floor with a large area

When concrete laser screed is used in construction of large area floor, Laser screed flooring advantages comes into being datum mark of large factory building will reach unanimity only through controlling of one datum mark, meanwhile errors occur when worker corrects datum mark may be effectively decreased. When construction is performed on a single floor with a large construction area, its construction flatness and levelness are higher, which can reach to 3mm/3m; because construction efficiency of laser screed is higher, average construction efficiency can reach to 4000m2/d. By using laser screed machine for construction,molding on one layer can be effectively accomplished through, second leveling can be reduced, what’s more ,when laser screed machine is applied in construction of large floor, non construction joint, uniform compactness and lower construction cost can be accomplished, compared with traditional construction technology, each square meter will save 20 Yuan, so construction cost is greatly decreased.

Laser-screed-flooring-advantages-on-floor-with-a-large-area2
Laser-screed-flooring-advantages-on-floor-with-a-large-area2

Therefore, Laser screed flooring advantages on floor with a large area are embodied: if you use concrete laser screed to construct large area floor, you will find it features fast construction, high quality and precision, when the construction projects is a floor of small area, you can sufficiently use laser screed machine of large floor to execute construction, in this way, you will not only save cost, but also significantly increase construction quality and efficiency, it promotes economic benefit of the projects. Besides, in using concrete laser screed machine for construction practically,  customer should also adequately master features of concrete laser screed machine, combine it with construction, so that you will get ideal construction standard.

Laser-screed-flooring-advantages-on-floor-with-a-large-area
Laser-screed-flooring-advantages-on-floor-with-a-large-area